CHARLES BRAY's Sweden Journal
a nice essay or breifingon modern Sweden
the most northerly rune stone ?
Google Search: most northerly rune stone
Froesoestenen Google Search: Frösön
: The rune stone is situated at the foot of the bridge to Frösön. It dates from the 1050s, and is Sweden´s most northerly rune stone. The inscription says:
"Östman, the son of Gudfast, had this stone erected, had this bridge built and brought Christianity to Jämtland. Asbjörn built the bridge and Tryn carved the runes."
Östman, Gudfasts son, lät resa denna sten och göra denna bro och han lät kristna Jämtland. Åsbjörn gjorde bron. Tryn och Sten ristade dessa runor
The rune stone at Frösön is unique in Sweden, as the introduction of Christianity is not mentioned on a rune stone in any other county. It also makes the first mentioning of the name Jämtland.
a "bridge" is often a causeway across a marsh in viking scandinavia
is a Municipality Östersund
Google Search: Östersund
The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. Each municipality also belong to one of the 21 Counties of Sweden or Län.
Municipalities can be further divided into boroughs or stadsdelsnämnder. The existence of such divisions are at the discretion of the municipality itself which also can decide to hold local referendum on whether a borough or part of the municipality should secede and form a separate municipality. However the question of whether a new municipality will at all be created is at the discretion of the Swedish Government.
in Jämtland County, or Jämtlands län, is a County or län in the north of Sweden. It borders to the counties of Dalarna, Gävleborg, Västernorrland, and Västerbotten. It also borders to the Norwegian county of Nord-Trøndelag.
Jämtlands Läns Landsting
in north eastern Sweden
The Kingdom of Sweden (Konungariket Sverige in Swedish) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe.
It is bordered by Norway on the west, Finland on the northeast, the Skagerrak and the Kattegat on the southwest, and the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia on the east. Due to the quite small number of inhabitants, Sweden's landscape is known for its peace and the large forests and mountainous wilderness.
Östersund municipality covers an area of 2222.2 km² Square kilometre
(symbol km²) is an SI unit of surface area.
Östersund is a town which borders one of the larger lakes in Sweden. It is also the location of one of the most northerly rune stones
Rune stones are somewhat flat standing stones with runic stone carvings from the Iron Age (Viking Age) and early middle ages found in most parts of Scandinavia. Gotland, the largest island in the Baltic, still contains many rune stones. The inscriptions are made in different dialectal variants of the Old Norse language.
and thus the oldest written examples of the languages.
The majority of these stones date after the introduction of Christianity;
Östersund has a museum Jamtli, which has both an enclosed exhibition area, but also an outdoor area which contains old Swedish buildings, and which is similar to Skansen
Skansen is an open-air museum and zoo located on the island Djurgården in Stockholm, Sweden. It was founded 1891 by Artur Hazelius to show the way of life in the different parts of Sweden throughout history.
and to preserve old buildings removed for redevelopment of towns.
each black dot on this map is one runestone
school pages for swedish children about rune stones
Swedish national archeology
The Swedis National Heritage Board works to ensure that different sectors of society assume their responsibility for the cultural heritage and the cultural environment.
This work is part of the overall goal of defending and preserving the cultural heritage.
The point of departure is that the values inherent in the cultural heritage and the cultural environment should be regarded as a resource which may be exploited by different interests. In the adaptation to a sustainable society, work with the cultural heritage is supposed to be a driving force.
the central authority in Sweden for matters concerning the historic landscape and cultural heritage.
The present Director-General, Inger Liliequist, was appointed in 2003. There are currently around 400 members of staff.